Waigeo, Misool, Batanta, Kofiau and Salawati islands are part of Raja Ampat Regency which has terrestrial habitat of various endemic flora and fauna. Raja Ampat has an area of land and sea totaling 46,108 square kilometers with a total of 2,713 islands.
Based on research conducted by the West Papua Center for Natural Resources Conservation (BBKSDA) and the organization Fauna & Flora International – Indonesia Program (FFI-IP), biodiversity on Waigeo Island, Batanta, Salawati, Misool, and Kofiau is in the form of 186 species of birds. 40 types of amphibians, 13 types of reptiles, 32 types of mammals, 350 species of wood and palm trees, 57 species of orchids, and 5 types of semar bags.
According to the Head of the KSDA West Papua Central Office R. Basar Manullang, there are still endemic fauna and flora that need to be studied. Call it bald paradise (Cicinnurus republica), red paradise (Paradisea rubra), maleo waigeo (Aepypodius bruijinii), cuscus waigeo (Spilocuscus papuensis), and Dendrobium azureum orchids.