LANGSAT, TYPICAL TROPICAL FRUIT IN RAJA AMPAT

Three of Langsat is one of the original fruit that grows in Indonesia and is one of the woody plants that lived during chronic. Duku (Lansium Domesticum corr) is starting to spread widely in different parts of the continent of Asia, especially Southeast Asia. Olive fruit is a type of fruit that goes into the tribe Meliaceae. This plant grows in Raja Ampat and spread evenly on all the islands. The fruit is exactly the same as Duku and flesh is the same except that there is a difference of complexioned from duku. Olive fruit is usually no different from duku durable, as well as taste sweeter than duku complexioned.

Actually there are several types of olive fruit or duku. It’s called the tribe, there complexioned and sosokan, and there are also duku-complexioned. Complexioned has a thin tree, with branches high above, and not shady slim shape as tree. Its fruit branch is long. There are usually consists of 15-20 seeds or fruits in the bunch. Duku or olive fruit has many health benefits for our body. For more details you can see a little review below.

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KING PARROT IN RAJA AMPAT

Palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) or Black Cockatoo is one type of parrot Indonesia. In contrast to other types of parrots, cockatoos king has black fur and black crested. The size is very large, up to 60 cm, making it the largest cockatoo species in Indonesia.

In some areas King Parrot are called by different names. Local names include alkai (Aru), awehie (Membramo), Kasmalas (Papua west-northwest), Mampais (Doreh), Sangya (Sorong), and Siong (I wish). Whereas in English parrots is named Palm Cockatoo, Cape York Cockatoo, Great Palm Cockatoo, Black Macaw, Great Black Cockatoo, or Goliath Cockatoo.

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DOLPHIN IN RAJA AMPAT

Seventy percent of the world’s reefs are in Raja Ampat, West Papua. It means, when diving in Raja Ampat, one can literally see 70 percent of the world’s coral.

Therefore, no wonder if Raja Ampat is famous for diving worldwide.

Raja Ampat is the heart of the world’s coral triangle. So the sea of Raja Ampat has such a diverse marine life including whales, dolphins, dugongs, turtles, and more. More specifically, in addition to whales, dolphins, and sea lions, Raja Ampat has five species of sea turtles, rays, unique sharks Wobbegong and Kalabia or walking shark and sea horse. There are 15 species of endemic fish, shellfish up to 699 types, up to 1427 types of reef fish and 553 types of hard corals.

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DIVE WITH TURTLE IN RAJA AMPAT

Tortoises and turtles is a four-legged animal and still belong to reptiles family. This kind of animal called Testudinata (or chelonians) is distinctive and easily recognizable by their ‘home’ or shell (bony shell), which is hard and stiff.

Turtle shell is composed of two parts. The top of the back cover is called carapace and the bottom (ventral, stomach) is called plastron. Then each part is composed of two layers. The outer layer is generally in the form of scales, large and hard, and arranged like tiles; while the inner layer in the form of plates of bone are compact like shell.

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NOKEN AS TRADITIONAL BAG OF RAJA AMPAT

Camshaft or tote is a cultural heritage that is very famous from Raja Ampat, Papua. This tote is made and has been passed down from generation to generation in Raja Ampat people.

Noken generally are used by people of Papua to bring agricultural products such as vegetables, tubers and also merchandise to their local market. Nokens is made from tree bark fiber Manduam, Nawa tree or forest orchids woven and knitted into yarn tote. However, along with the times, camshaft also made of knitted yarn colorful mattress. Its size also varies, there are small, medium, and large sizes. Most motifs contain elements of indigenous Papuan noken.

Large nokens are used to carry items such as firewood, crop yields, grocery items, or even used for carrying children. While the small size is used to carry personal items. The unique thing is nokens also functioned as a gift for guests and used in ceremonies in Raja Ampat society.

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KATINGTING, TRADITIONAL BOAT FROM RAJA AMPAT

Raja Ampat in West Papua Province is known as a natural marine paradise for the last 10 years. Today, indigenous peoples there are struggling to strengthen their sovereignty over the waters, containing the natural biological wealth that can be exploited by their children and grandchildren in the future.

From the economic standpoint, the local fishermen have only traditional fishing gear and also using traditional paddling boat or at best to use a very small motorized machine.

Producing traditional boat is becoming a side business for local residents, since fishing and transportation on the sea are vital to the local community. Motorized boat industry became the economic backrest when fishermen had a bad season. Motorized boats including the types of catamarans boats – one of the traditional type of boat in Raja Ampat.

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TRADITION OF EATING SIRIH PINANG IN RAJA AMPAT

Pinang or Areca Nut, Latin called Areca catechu, it is not something new for Indonesian. Pinang stemmed from Malacca (Malaysia) have entered Indonesia BC. There are sources that say Pinang entered in the 6th century BC, but some sources say in the 4th century BC Pinang already in Papua.

Areca nut is a type of palm tree that is in Hindi this fruit called Supari, and Pan-Supari to call betel-nut. Malaysian named it Adakka or Adekka, being in the language of Sri Lanka known as Puikiuivak. Thai society called it Mak, and the Chinese call Pin-lang.

Pinang or Areca Nut is a symbol of good character inherited from good ancestor, honest, and has a high degree of live. Further more, it symbolizes willingness to do a job with an open hearted and sincere. This meaning is drawn from the nature of areca nut trees that are tall straight up and have a dense fruit in cluster.

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TRIBES IN RAJA AMPAT, PAPUA.

Cultural communities can be classified based on the Raja Ampat islands spread across large and small islands around it. The classification is as follows:

Waigeo Island.

Waigeo and surrounding islands inhabited by several tribes or sub-tribes are grouped into indigenous tribes and tribal settlers.

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THE EVOLUTION OF CULTURE AND LANGUAGES IN RAJA AMPAT

Language and culture are two integral elements, which can not be separated from the life of every person. Everyone, inevitably, was born in an environment of a particular language and culture. It is the same condition existing in Raja Ampay.

Every tribe in Raja Ampat tends to express their ethnic identity and language in accordance with the names of the ethnic groups. One example, every ethnic group tries to mention the language used by the tribal name, although on the other hand they claim that the language they use is also used in other villages or in other islands. This phenomenon is common. Each tribe has always tries to identify their existence to other groups so that their identity is also recognized and appreciated by other groups.

Tribal groups in Raja Ampat also always call their territories according to their own language. In Raja Ampat was found that a place, be it mountain, headlands, bays, islands and others, have different names depending on the ethnic groups living in the surrounding areas. One example is the naming of the islands in the region Waigeo. The name is written in the map and also used today by society in this region, derived from Biak language. However, the natives as Wawiyai people who have customary rights in the region of South Waigeo, calling the islands with its own name according to their language.

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