GLOBAL WARMING THREATENS SMALL ISLAND INDONESIA
Global warming is giving a serious threat to the small islands in Indonesia. The most feared impact of global warming is sinking small islands in Indonesia. In fact, Indonesia with more than 13,000 islands, most of which are small islands.
Global warming is increasing the average temperature of the atmosphere, the earth, and the sea. This warming caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases due to human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation.
One of the effects of global warming is the melting of permafrost in polar. The melting of polar ice lead to rising sea levels. Sea level is higher can drown small islands in Indonesia.
Raja Ampat Islands with many small islands that come under threat of global warming
Global warming is also an impact on coral reef damage. This recall coral reefs are very vulnerable to changes in sea temperature. Destruction of coral reefs also provide a serious impact on the islands of Indonesia.
Coral reefs have many benefits, one of which as coastal protection from erosion and abrasion. Coral reefs fortify the coast and islands of scouring the waves and ocean currents. So if damaged coral reefs, one of them due to global warming, then lost of coastal protection and coastal erosion will occur more quickly.
Because the process is likely small islands will be submerged and eroded waves and ocean currents.
Serious threat of global warming on the survival of small islands have become a serious concern of various parties. Even the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme; World Environment Agency) created a theme; “Raise your voice, not the sea level”
Small islands in Indonesia is actually a vital part of Indonesia. Not only in terms of the environment and the economy alone. The islands are closely linked to national sovereignty. The loss of a small island, especially the outer islands of Indonesia, can change the state boundary line. The loss of a small island could be the migration of tens of square kilometers Indonesian territory into the hands of another country.