Growth Tourism In Raja Ampat
Growth Tourism in Raja Ampat
Growth Tourism in Raja Ampat – Waigeo, Misool, Batanta, Kofiau and Salawati islands. Are part of Raja Ampat Regency which. Has a terrestrial habitat of various endemic flora and fauna. Raja Ampat has an area of land and sea totalling 46.108 square kilometres with a total of 2.713 islands.
Based on research conducted. By the West Papua Center for Natural Resources Conservation (BBKSDA). And the organization Fauna & Flora International Indonesia Program (FFI-IP), biodiversity on Waigeo Island, Batanta, Salawati. Misool, and Kofiau. Is in the form of 186 species of birds. 40 types of amphibians, 13 types of reptiles. 32 types of mammals. 350 species of wood and palm trees. 57 species of orchids. And 5 types of Semar bags.
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According to the Head of the KSDA West Papua. Central Office R. Basar Manullang. There are still endemic fauna and flora that need to be studied.
Call it bald paradise (Cicinnurus Republica), red paradise (Paradisea Rubra). Maleo Waigeo (Aepypodius Bruijinii). Cuscus Waigeo (Spilocuscus Papuensis), and Dendrobium Azureum orchids.
“The existence of this endemic flora and fauna makes Raja Ampat Regency. A priority area in supporting conservation. However, illegal logging and hunting. For buying and selling household consumption. Are often found in various regions.” Basar explained.
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Types of Birds
The types of birds that are often hunted. Are the type of cockatoo chef (Cacatua galerita), Blackhead Kasturi (Lorius lory). And Parrot (Eclectus Roratus). The threat to turtle species is the consumption of eggs and meat. As food items in the family or commemorative events in the village.
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After becoming a district in 2003. Raja Ampat continued to experience development developments. Increased infrastructure and the construction. Of basic facilities for community needs are encouraged to catch up.
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According to the Head of the Regional Development Planning Agency (Bappeda) Raja Ampat Abdul Rahman Wairoy. Tourism has become one of the sectors in Raja Ampat’s economic development. The beauty of the underwater world and the land. Has become a famous tourism in foreign countries.
“Data and results of studies conducted. By BBKSDA and FFI-IP can be used. As a basic reference. For development planning, spatial planning. And sustainable ecotourism development. While maintaining the natural environment in Raja Ampat Regency.” Abdul explained.
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Raja Ampat’s Natural Wealth
In an effort to continue development. And responsibility in safeguarding Raja Ampat’s natural wealth. A workshop was held entitled
“Realizing Sustainable Development in Raja Ampat Regency.” on March 5-6 2019 at Dolphin Cottage Building, Waisai, Raja Ampat Regency.
This workshop is the result of a collaboration. Between the Regional Government (Pemda). Of the Raja Ampat Regency. The West Papua Center for Natural Resources Conservation (BBKSDA). And Fauna & Flora International – Indonesia Program (FFI-IP).
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The workshop participants consisted. Of the Special Autonomy Faction of the West Papua People’s Representative Council (Otsus DPR PB). Raja Ampat Regency DPR. Indigenous peoples, government agencies in Raja Ampat Regency. And non-governmental organizations. According to the Director of Nature Conservation and Information. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry Listya Kusumawardhani. The Ministry of Environment. And Forestry appreciated conservation activities in Raja Ampat.
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He reminded that the management of conservation areas. Especially, nature reserves can be in the form. Of science and technology development. Environmental education and conservation, carbon trading. And supporting limited nature tourism by paying attention to conservation principles.
“Conservation efforts must collaborate with multi-stakeholders. On the basis of mutual respect, mutual trust and mutual benefits. So as to create synergy in nature conservation. As well as the welfare of the local community.” Listya explained in her presentation.
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PB DPR Otsus
PB DPR Otsus member Abraham Goram Gaman stressed the mandate in Law No. 35 of 2008. Concerning Special Autonomy for the Provinces of Papua and West Papua.
“Development in Papua and West Papua is carried out. By referring to the principles. Of sustainable development, environmental preservation, benefits. And justice by paying attention to regional spatial plans.” He explained.
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Regarding Raja Ampat’s natural resources. The problem is felt by the community. Especially, the indigenous people of the Maya. Who use natural resources directly. According to the Raja Ampat Kris Thebu Customary Council. The philosophy of indigenous Papuans. Towards natural resources is to view.
“Land as a mama, the sea as a father, and the coast as a child.”
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So that land, sea and coastal areas are connectivity that needs to be protected. Preserved and managed wisely and wisely.
At present, there is a lot of damage in Raja Ampat. Just say the law has not been maximized regarding the rules. On how to protect forests. There is still a lot of overfishing that can result in species.
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Six workshop recommendations. And follow-up plans, including:
1. Spatial planning in the form. Of a revision of Spatial Planning. And Development Planning supports the development of Raja Ampat. To become the main sector of community-based marine fisheries. And tourism and involves indigenous peoples, Non-Governmental Organizations, Universities.
2. Special Autonomy & Policy in the form of accelerating the Regional Regulation policy on the recognition and protection of indigenous peoples. Maps of indigenous territories and sustainable development. And the establishment of strong and effective institutions. Such as, the Special Autonomy (Perdasus) and Indigenous Peoples Regulations. That regulates recognition and strengthening indigenous peoples. Including supervisory roles in program implementation. And channelling funds to villages.
Six workshop recommendations. And follow-up plans
3. The Priority of Sustainable Development. By emphasizing the role of indigenous peoples. As the main actors of economic development. Through, accelerating the fulfilment of basic public services. And basic infrastructure as well as regulating local revenues. And import duties so as to improve the improvement. Of public services and the environment. At the site level, efforts are needed to complete the status of the buffer associated. With the existing tourist sites. And efforts to access the Ecological Fiscal Transfer (EFT) scheme on a national scale.
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4. Transfer of Function of Regions. To Support Indigenous Peoples-Based Sustainable Development. In the form of proposals for the establishment of National Parks. That can be used. For community-based tourism development. The establishment of a sustainable space planning. And the development team and the proposed change. In the function of the Nature Reserve. To become a National Park.
Six workshop recommendations. And follow-up plans
5. Strengthening Monitoring. Of the Impact and Potential of Raja Ampat Biodiversity. In the form of monitoring related. To Raja Ampat Environment in the form of land and sea. Because, it is a major supporter of sustainability. Of Tourism and Marine / Fisheries. As well as the safety of indigenous Papuans. The implementation of the monitoring system. Follows the rules that have been applied under the law. Capacity building of the parties in monitoring the impact. And the potential of Raja Ampat’s biodiversity. Increasing disaster risk monitoring of nature and society.
6. Biosphere reserves that are expected. To build world trust for the development of biosphere tourism. As a first step through the formation. Of a Biosphere Reserve Proposal Team. That will be supported by the National Team of Man and Biosphere (MAB) Indonesia.
– Growth Tourism In Raja Ampat.
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Doberai Private Island, a resort owned and run by Indonesian
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Doberai Private Island located off the northwest tip of Bird’s Head Peninsula. On the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia’s West Papua province. Raja Ampat, or the four Kings. Is an archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals. Surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, & the smaller island of Kofiau.
The name of Raja Ampat, comes from local mythology. That tells about a woman who finds seven eggs. Four of the seven eggs hatch and become kings. That occupy four of Raja Ampat biggest islands whilst the other 3 become a ghost, a woman & a stone.
Raja Ampat Regency is a new regency. Which separated from Sorong Regency. In 2004. It encompasses more than 40,000 km² of land and sea. Which also contains Cenderawasih Bay, the largest marine national park in Indonesia.
It’s a part of the newly named West Papua (province) of Indonesia which was formerly Irian Jaya. The islands are the most northern pieces. Of land in the Australian continent.
Although accessing Raja Ampat’s islands isn’t that difficult. It takes some time. It takes four hours flight from Jakarta. The capital city of Indonesia to Sorong. Then. taking the boat to reach the islands is necessary.
7 Overwater Bungalows
There are 7 overwater bungalows they provide and available for rent. Each bungalow can accommodate up to 4 people. The bungalows stand on the beach and above sea level.
From this, we can directly see schooling fish or go down to the sea for snorkelling or diving. They also provide diving equipment and dive master to accompany guests.
The beach here is very safe from the waves of the sea as the resort is located in the basin of the island protected by islands on the outer side, so it is not directly facing the open sea.
This place is suitable for those nature lovers because of the environment and the equipment is very natural. No television and newspapers, only electricity comes from generators that only lights up at 6 pm to 11 pm.
In lieu of the generator, the bungalows use solar cell lights that are able to light until sunrise the following day. Wifi and signal for cell phone are provided in their restaurant area.
Raja Ampat Sea Area
The Raja Ampat Sea Area covers more than 85% of the Raja Ampat area. This condition is inversely proportional to the land area. This is, of course, the main attraction for Raja Ampat. Especially in the eyes of divers.
The famous diving spots in Raja Ampat, include Cape Kri. Which is not far from Mansuar island, the Blue Magic which has beautiful coral. Or the waters around Arborek island which is a Manta Stingray habitat.
Fish species that live in these waters exceed the number of land animal species. The world’s divers love Raja Ampat. Because, of the biological wealth possessed by its underwater paradise. To call Raja Ampat the Underwater Sea of the World.
Many unique marine species such as wobbegong (a type of cuttlefish/squid), mini seahorses. Or even large fish such as sharks, manta rays, and legendary mermaids.
Divers also often find and swim with a collection of Tuna, Giant Trevally, or Snappers.
In fact, dangerous fish such as Barracuda often accompany divers when enjoying the beauty of the Raja Ampat underwater ecosystem.
Natural Exotic of the Raja Ampat Islands
Raja Ampat is Extremely Exotic. The waters of the Raja Ampat Islands according to various sources. Are known as one of the 10 best waters. For diving sites throughout the world. In fact, it might also be recognized as number one. For completing the underwater flora and fauna at this time.
The Raja Ampat Islands, located at the westernmost tip of Papua Island. About 50 miles northwest of Sorong. Have the best coral areas in Indonesia. About 450 types of coral were identified. During the two weeks of research in the area.
Raja Ampat is Extremely Exotic. Enjoying the exoticism of the Raja Ampat Islands. At height is an experience that is difficult to describe with words. A stretch of green and clear sea with dozens or even small coral islands scattered.
There is unspeakable peace. By just looking at the expanse and enjoying the sea air. Which is still far from air pollution.
The right word in describing that feeling is ‘biophilia‘.
The surrounding sea is the heart of the Coral Triangle region that is recognized worldwide. As the centre of coral reef biodiversity.
The Raja Ampat Islands are home to more than 75% of the world’s coral species. A total of 537 hard coral species were identified in TNC’s Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) in 2002.
The Raja Ampat Islands are also the richest region in the world. For the number of reef fish fauna that reaches. At least 1427 species.
This number shows the highest number of marine biodiversity compared. To other regions with the same area in the world. REA carried out by TNC produced 104 new discoveries. For the Raja Ampat islands, including 4 new discoveries in Indonesia.
At present, the number of these species has increased to 553 species. Of hard coral and 1470 numbers of reef fish fauna. In Raja Ampat, scientists also find more fish than in the same area. In other regions of the world. Some species are only found in Raja Ampat.
There are several coral reef areas that are still very good condition with a percentage of live coral cover up to 90%, namely in the Dampier Strait (the strait between P. Waigeo and P. Batanta), Kofiau Islands, Kepualauan Misool, South and Wayag Islands.
The types of coral reefs in Raja Ampat are generally edge reefs with steep to steep contours. But it is also found atoll type and charred type or taka.
In some places such as in Saondarek village, when the tides are lowest, coral reefs can be witnessed without diving. And with their own adaptation, the reef can still live even in the open air and in direct sunlight.
The unique species that can be found during diving. Are several types of dwarf seahorses, wobbegongs, and Manta rays. There are also endemic fish of Raja Ampat. Namely Eviota raja, a type of gobbie fish.
At Manta Point located in Arborek Selat Dampier. We can dive in the company of some tame Manta Ray like when we dived in Derawan Islands, East Kalimantan. If you dive at Cape Kri or Chicken Reef. You can be surrounded by thousands of fish.
Sometimes a collection of tuna, giant trevallies and snappers. But it is tense if we are surrounded. By a collection of barracuda fish. Although, actually it is relatively harmless (which is dangerous if we meet a solitary barracuda or alone).
Reef sharks are also often seen. And if you’re lucky you can also see turtles quietly eating sponges. Or swimming around you. In some places such as Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo, you can also see Dugongs or mermaids.
Because the area with many islands and straits is narrow. Most dive sites at certain times have strong currents. This also allows for drift diving. Diving while following a strong current with very clear water while breaking through a collection of fish (Wikipedia).
This is what later made the Raja Ampat Islands as an “underwater paradise”. With the beauty of diversity that is difficult to match anywhere in the world.
Dive Spots In Raja Ampat
To be able to see the underwater beauty of Raja Ampat, we can try diving in the best spots. There are at least 76 dive points. But the best are Cape Kri, MIoskon , Mike’s Point, Blue Magic, Five Rocks, Friwen Wall.
Arborek is one of the best dive spots with the characteristic number of school fish or fish that swim together. On Arborek Island many small dive spots are suitable for novice divers who do not have a license.
While Manuar Island is the best point for divers who want to see manta and turtle animals. Chicken Reef is actually a cluster of coral reefs. Uniquely, the flow of sea water at the top is quite strong, but underneath it feels calm.
At Mike’s Point we can see almost all unique marine life, such as large fish, small fish, and colorful corals that resemble tunnels. The last spot, Blue Magic, is inhabited by wobbegong sharks or carpet sharks. Surely immediately attracted to diving one of the best spots in Raja Ampat right? Doberai Private Island as Padi Dive Resort covers all dive spots in South Waigeo.
The waters region is the main attraction of Raja Ampat, considering the waters of Raja Ampat are one of the 10 best waters in the world. This is based on various studies on the richness of flora and fauna and marine preservation that its has.
A report by the international conservation agency has stated that the waters of its have around 75% of marine species worldwide. In fact, the Raja Ampat sea and the land area which has an area of 4.6 million hectares is home to 540 species of coral, 1,511 species of fish and thousands of other marine biotas.
Therefore, with these advantages, it is not surprising that is currently considered the most amazing underwater paradise in the world.
Not only the wealth of the underwater world, but it also has many interesting things on the surface of the sea. Lots of amazing beaches scattered throughout the islands. Generally, this beach has white sand and has a fineness closer to flour. In addition, there are also many islands that form high rows of cliffs in this archipelago. In fact, several places such as Piaynemo, Kabui Bay, and Wayag have been well known throughout the world before being known domestically.
Tropical forests are no less interesting, there are even places like Sawinggrai village or Saporkrein village that offer unforgettable experiences of seeing birds of paradise close up. As we know, Cenderawasih is a rare and beautiful Papuan bird that is often referred to as a bird of paradise.
Not yet finished in natural wealth. It also has a variety of cultures and arts that are very unique and interesting. Some villages have indeed confirmed their existence as tourist villages, one of which is Arborek Village.
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