RAJA AMPAT, AND LITTLE CHANCE IN EDUCATION
Since the 1998 crisis, the poverty rate in Indonesia has been claimed to have dropped dramatically. Based on the survey conducted, the poverty rate in Indonesia is at 9.82 percent or 25.95 million poor people. However, these quantitative statistics and figures do not fully illustrate the real conditions of the quality of life for Indonesian people.
The provinces of Papua and West Papua are in the first and second place with the highest poverty rates. No less than 1/5 of the Papuan people live below the poverty line.
Formal education is important to improve the quality of human capital. Therefore, education, measured through school enrollment rates, is an indicator in determining human quality. The high rate of dropping out of school in Raja Ampat is a serious problem for the government.
On the other hand, an increasingly open world requires every locality to increase the capacity and competitiveness of its people. Moreover, the development of the Raja Ampat Islands tourism that continues to be done or not has to be balanced with the development of its community. The government is required to carry out physical infrastructure development in conjunction with the development of social infrastructure (health and education).
Papuans generally have the potential for good social capital which is measured, for example, from a wealth of informal values and norms including informal institutions. If local knowledge and beliefs are combined with personal skills and expertise (human capital), the acceleration of improving community welfare can be realized.
The Special Autonomy Fund (Otsus) owned by Papua should be maximized, not only in the economic and tourism sectors, but also in the education sector.
District / City gets a portion of 80 percent of the special autonomy fund, where a minimum of 30 percent must be allocated for education. With such a large budget, it is certainly very inversely proportional to the condition of most Papuans who are still trapped in poverty.
Behind the glitter of Raja Ampat as a world tourist destination, the face of poverty reflected by the indigenous people is clearly visible.
\ Insolvency makes the cost of living high, making it difficult to fulfill basic services. There are people who are marginalized from education, especially the people of Raja Ampat Regency who value education as a luxury item. On Mainyafun Island, for example, to go to secondary school, you have to go to Waisai, which costs around Rp1.3 million in one direction and about four hours by glass fiber boat, and often without security equipment.
Behind the beauty of the world paradise of the Raja Ampat archipelago, many households struggle to get out of poverty. Many government programs to help reduce poverty in Raja Ampat, can be said to still not succeed.
One of the causes of failure is the high practice of corruption among the bureaucracy.