TRADITIONAL CLOTHES AND ARTS IN RAJA AMPAT
Raja Ampat cultural and arts in the field of handicrafts is significantly diverse. We can recognize the characteristic of native handicrafts of Raja Ampat from the color and motif. Common color used is the mixture of colors with high contrast such as dark red, dark yellow, light green and light blue. Ornaments motif that is often used in sculpture, carving and batik Raja Ampat is a special motif typical of Papua.
Of the various types of handicrafts in Raja Ampat, there are two types of craft that is in demand by both foreign and local tourists, namely:
- Woven Hats typical from Arborek Village
This hat is made of a woven material. This rounded hat and often used by women to protect the face and body from sunlight during a trip to the beach. Making this hat is originally spearheaded by an old indigenous person from Arborek island. The hat now becomes a typical hat from Raja Ampat and becomes handicrafts from Raja Ampat produced in groups by mothers in Arborek Island.
- Batik Papua.
Other crafts are much in demand by tourists who come to Raja Ampat is Batik Papua. In contrast with batik motifs and colors from java that often use natural colors and dark, batik Papua highly desirable because it uses motifs and bright colors typical of the coast. Batik with bright colors is highly recommended to use when you travel on the beach because it will add to the local ethnic element in your holiday photos.
In addition to the two above-mentioned types of craft, Raja Ampat Regency Government is now in full swing promoting other peoples handicrafts from Raja Ampat archipelago as one tourist attraction in Raja Ampat. Other types of handicrafts produced by the inhabitants of Raja Ampat are sculpture and craft accessories made from precious stones, roots and metals.
Raja Ampat as part of the province of West Papua on the island of Papua, it is rich of variety of cultural arts and music, dance and crafts typical of Papua are very exotic. Each tribe scattered in the Raja Ampat islands generally has a dance and traditionally practices themselves. General characteristics of the dance and music of Raja Ampat is a dance movement that generally shown with a vibrant and accompanied by percussion instruments typical Papua named Tifa, gong (mambokon) and drums (bakulu).
In addition to percussion instruments, stringed instruments such as guitars and wind instruments such as flutes and wind instruments of sea shells are also often used to accompany the dance. Some examples of dances that are often displayed in various ceremonies and reception are the Wor dance, Main Moun, Batpo Dance, dance and art Flute Tambour Yako.
Female dancer costumes used in a variety of typical dances from Raja Ampat usually use a mix of bright colors with high contrast such as red, dark yellow, light green and light blue. As for the male dancer costume generally is shirtless at the top and to cover the waist down normally use Papua typical costume that live in costal area is clothing from coir materials (fibers), woven coconut leaves or feathers and animal skins depending on the type of dance sung.
There are also men who perform using typical genitalia cover called koteka. Papua male and female dancers will perform complete with accessories and makeup distinctive and exotic that can only be encountered in the traditional art of the island of Papua.
Typical songs of Raja Ampat, Papua generally rhythmic carefree but like to have some kind of allure that washed away when we enjoy it. Generally, the songs sung with a mix of Papua vocals sound more than one person. It is wonderful to enjoy a sing is typical of Papua on the beach while relaxing or to accompany your trip in Raja Ampat.
Koteka is clothing to cover male genitalia in the culture of the majority indigenous population of New Guinea. Penis sheath made of leather gourds, Lagenaria siceraria. Content and old pumpkin seeds removed and dried skin.
Literally, this word means “clothing”, derived from the language of one of the tribes in Paniai. Most tribes call Holim Jayawijaya mountains or Horim. Not as common assumption, the size and shape of the penis sheath is not related to the status of the wearer. The size is usually related to user activity, going to work or ceremony. Many tribes there may be identified by the way they use the penis sheath. Short penis sheath used at work, and the length of the ornaments used in traditional ceremonies.
However, each tribe has a different form of penis sheath. Yali people, for example, like the shape of a pumpkin that long. While the Tiom usually wear two pumpkins. Over time, more and less popular penis sheath worn everyday. Koteka is prohibited to be worn in public transport and schools. If anything, penis sheath only for sale as souvenirs. In mountainous regions, such as Wamena, penis sheath is used. To take pictures with the wearer, tourists should spend several hundred thousand dollars.